There are two main parts to defining a talented or gifted student. First, the student must have skills and learning abilities that are far above the average and perform at a higher level than other students her age. Second, the student must actively use these abilities to succeed, or at least have the potential to use these abilities to succeed. Generally, gifted students are recognized more in academic studies, but students may also be gifted or talented in other areas such as art or music.
There are two main strategies to serve gifted children:
1, acceleration : With accelerated curriculum, gifted children can learn at a pace commensurate with their learning ability. This allows them to progress to high-level materials much faster for their age norms or grade levels. The constant challenges not only suit these advanced learners’ intellectual levels, but also keep them motivated.
2, enrichment : Enrichment activities, on the other hand, provide gifted children with opportunities to explore topics and issues from (or beyond) regular curriculum in greater breadth and depth, to engage in independent or collaborative inquiry that cultivates their problem solving abilities, research skills, and creativity, and inspire their desire for excellence.
Programs for gifted children:
(1) within regular classrooms or clusters from one or more grade levels;
(2) during special grouping arrangements within classrooms, across grade levels, or in after-school and out-of-school programs;
(3) in special schools such as magnet schools or high schools that focus on advanced learning opportunities in particular curricular areas; and
(4) through arrangements made for individual students at colleges, summer programs, internship opportunities, or mentorship programs.
Source: What Are Gifted and Talented Students? | eHow http://www.ehow.com/info_8115782_gifted-talented-students.html#ixzz2W3DDYexZ
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